Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “How lucky is that man who adopts humbleness without having scarcity, who considers himself inferior without having to beg for anything, who spends his own earned money in the right causes without disobeying Allah, who is kind to those having little means, and
who remains in the company of learned men.” [Tibrani]
In this hadith we are told who an enviable person is:
1. A person who is humble despite having that which makes people proud.
2. A person who earns and spends in the path of Allah.
3. A person who is kind to those less privileged.
4. A person who benefits from the companionship of the learned.
Having wealth does not make one lucky; but having earned it honestly, by one’s own hands and, moreover, having spent it on those things which earn Allah’s pleasure, while obedient to Allah (subhana wa ta’ala), are what entitles one to be counted among the lucky. Wealth that is accompanied by arrogance and ignorance (ignorance of what will earn Allah’s pleasure), is extremely unlucky.
Can you count yourself lucky?
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Verily, your Lord is bashful (having Haya) and gracious. When His creature raises his hands to beg from Him, He feels bashful in turning him back empty handed.”
When you need something ask from Allah (subhana wa ta’ala). Ask from Him in whose complete control it is to give. And from Him who likes to give and dislikes to turn the beggar away empty handed.
There is no entity with such qualities except Allah (azza wa jal).
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “He who offers twelve Rakah of prayers during the whole day will have a place for himself in Paradise: Four Rakah before the noon prayers and two after; two after the sunset prayers, two after the night prayers and two before the morning prayers.”
Ummul Momineen Umme Habeeba (radi Allahu anha) tells us that she began offering the “especially urged” Sunnah prayers very regularly as soon as she heard the Messenger of Allah Rasulullah sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam speak about them.
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Allah bestows ten blessings on him who invokes blessings on me but once, and ten of his sins will be forgiven and his station will be elevated ten degrees; and ten pious deeds will be recorded in his account, and he will be rewarded the benefit of freeing ten slaves.”
So let us invoke blessings on the Messenger of Allah, Rasulullah sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam.
“Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: ‘Prophethood will last among you for as long as Allah wills, then Allah will take it away. Then it will be (followed by) a Khilafah Rashida (rightly guided) on the pattern of the Prophethood. It will remain for as long as Allah wills, then Allah will take it away. Afterwards there will be a hereditary leadership which will remain for as long as Allah wills, then He will lift it if He wishes. Afterwards, there will be biting oppression, and it will last for as long as Allah wishes, then He will lift it if He wishes. Then there will be a Khilafah Rashida according to the ways of the Prophethood.’ Then he kept silent.”
[Musnad Imam Ahmad]
Scholars explain this hadith in this way: Prophethood as in the beginning of the hadith ended with the death of Muhammad (sal Allahu alaihi wasallam). The next stage was Khilafah Rashida and this was from Abu Bakr Siddiq to Ali ibn Abi Taalib (radi Allahu anhuma). Then the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said it would be Mulkan which was the rule of the Banu Umayyah, Banu Abbas and the Khilafah Uthmaniyyah. Then after that, he said it would be dictatorship, i.e. oppressive rule, which we are living under today. The next stage will be Khilafah Rashida once again insha-Allah.
Imam Ahmed narrates that Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said regarding something: “That would happen when knowledge is lost.” One of the Sahabah asked, “O Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam), how could knowledge be lost when we have studied the Quran, we are teaching it to our children and our children will teach it to theirs.” Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Woe to you! I thought you were one of the most learned men of Medinah. Can’t you see the Jews and Christians are not benefiting even though they have their scriptures (Torah and Injeel) right with them?”
This hadith makes clear that if there is no application of the Quran, its recitation becomes useless. If we know what the Quran contains but don’t apply it, we become like donkeys carrying books as our burdens, not benefitting from our loads.
How did the Sahabah study the Quran? If we take the example of Abdullah ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu), it took him 14 years to finish memorizing Surah Baqarah. He was so happy after he completed memorizing it that he slaughtered a camel and invited all the people to come celebrate with him.
Abdullah ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu) was a companion of Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) and the Quran was revealed in his own language. Abdullah ibn Umar (radiAllahu anhu) was also an eminent scholar. Then how is it that he took 14 years to memorize what is done nowadays by Muslims in a matter of months?
This is because the way that the Sahabah would study the Quran is that they would take ten ayaat at a time only. They would study these ten ayaat, study the eemaan, the ilm, the halal and the haram in these ayaat. They would memorize the ayaat and apply its rulings to their lives. They would not move onto the next ten ayaat until they had brought their lives into compliance with the first ten. The Quran thus became alive and second nature to them, its knowledge was not wasted and lost.
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Keep away from ill-thinking (suspicions) because ill-thinking is the greatest falsehood.”
During the Abbasid period one of the scholars in Baghdad was greeted by an acquaintance who said, “Do you know what I just heard about your friend?”
Scholar: “Hold on a minute, before telling me anything I’d like you to pass a little test. It’s called the Triple Filter Test.”
The Man: “Triple Filter Test?”
Scholar: “That’s right, before you talk to me about my friend it might be a good idea to take a moment and filter what you’re going to say. That’s why I call it the triple filter test.
The first filter is Truth. Have you made absolutely sure that what you are about to tell me is true?”
The Man: “No, actually I just heard it and …”
Scholar: “All right, so you don’t really know if it’s true or not. Now let’s try the second filter, the filter of Goodness. Is what you are about to tell me about my friend something good?
"The Man: "No, on the contrary…
"Scholar: "So, you want to tell me something bad about him, but you’re not certain it’s true. You may still pass the test though, because there’s one filter left:
The filter of Usefulness. Is what you want to tell me about my friend going to be useful to me?”
The Man: “No, not really.”
Scholar: “Well, if what you want to tell me is neither true nor good nor even useful, why tell it to me at all?”
Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) asks us: “O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.”